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Face to face

It's hard to start conversations about sex and relationships. Some advice from Brook on things to think about before you launch into that difficult conversation about sex, contraception and safety.

Conversation bubbles

Justin Hancock, author of Talking To Teens About Sex, explains how to avoid stuttering about the birds and the bees

Couple in doorway
In this video, Simon Blake from Brook talks about what to do when it's too embarrassing to talk to your child about sex.
Stormy weather family

CEOP's tips for ways to start a conversation with your teenager – and where to take it after that.

Family

Sex, drugs, internet porn - no, no, no, you don't want to talk to your child about that! How embarrassing. Especially as you know hardly anything about any of it. But it's one of those jobs (like changing nappies) that parents are put on earth to do. Here are our tips for making it less of an ordeal.

How likely is your child to come across porn on the internet?

Phone images

Your child is probably going to come across unwanted images online. Not an easy topic for discussion. So how do you broach the subject?

Porn button

Pornography is more available than ever before, thanks to the internet. It can also be a hideously embarrassing subject to broach with your child. In this video, CEOP's Jonathan Baggaley offers some tips for opening non-awkward discussions.

Online porn is everywhere - only a couple of clicks away in the playground or a friend's bedroom. Many older children, as well as some younger ones, have seen something that you (and quite possibly they) would rather they hadn't. Here are Dr Elly Hanson's tips for how to address this very tricky issue without feeling embarrassed or making your child feel awkward.

The porn industry can't make money out of sex that centres around personal connection and intimacy. It has to drive viewers to want to view more extreme content, of a kind they're prepared to pay for. As a result, watching porn can give young people a distorted idea of what men and women like to (and do) get up to - if, that is, they take it seriously, as a reflection of real life. Here CEOP's Dr Elly Hanson explains what we know from the evidence about the effect of porn on young people.

Online safety transgender

It can be very surprising to learn your child is trans. Naturally you will want to be supportive, but you may also have a lot of questions. Sue Chitayi, mother of a transgender son and parent volunteer at Gendered Intelligence, answers some of them in this Q&A. 

love

Concrete steps you can take to learn more about your LGBTQ child and their identity.

Your child has come out. That’s great: it means that they feel confident about themselves and they are trusting you to be supportive.

But what do you actually say?

Gay men have a 'morning after' pill too - but many gay teenagers still don't know about it. And in fact, you don't have to take it the morning after - it's effective for up to 72 hours after unprotected sex. Little as you want to think about your child having unprotected sex, it does happen - and it's as well they know that there is something they can take to prevent them from developing HIV. Here's what one gay man wishes he'd known as a teenager.

Rainbow steps

Is your child uncertain about their sexuality? Are you half-expecting some big 'coming out' announcement? Richard Essery of Brook offers advice for parents on how to respond.

underwear rule nspcc

The NSPCC explains how a simple conversation will help to keep your child safe from sexual abuse

Boys on a beach with wild waves

Abusers rely on secrecy. Here are the Lucy Faithfull Foundation's tips for things to look out for and how to respond.

Shadow

In this video, Jonathan Baggaley explains how CEOP can help parents who are worried about online abuse.

Relationships

What is an abusive relationship? How do you spot when someone is trying to exercise too much control over you? And how to warn your child against relationships that are going to hurt them?

Broken black crayon, stick man drawing

The reality of abuse is rarely like the high-profile cases we hear about on the news. The Lucy Faithfull Foundation busts a few of the myths. 

People walking through woods

It's hard to think about the possiblity that someone we know might be an abuser or that a child may be being abused. But there are warning signs that can alert us to potentially abusive people and it's as well to be aware of them. Donald Findlater of the Lucy Faithfull Foundation explains what they are. 

There can be few more horrifying things than finding out that your child has been sexually victimised. In the conflicting and overwhelming welter of emotions that follows, how you respond can make an enormous difference to their ability to cope and recover. CEOP's Dr Elly Hanson looks at what parents typically go through and offers clear guidelines on the best and most supportive response.

troubled-looking girl

Recent cases of grooming in Rotherham, Oxford and elsewhere have shocked parents and carers. Parents Against Child Sexual Exploitation, Pace, here share what they've learned about the signs of sexual exploitation and the steps parents can take to keep their children safe from unhealthy relationships and grooming.

Webcam

CEOP explains how the abusers operate and what you can do to protect the children in your care.

CEOP documentary

How CEOP Command brought a gang of online sexual predators to justice - and how you can help your child if they have been groomed

A number of factors are more likely to make a child vulnerable to grooming and sexual exploitation. Here, CEOP's Dr Helen Whittle outlines what factors put a child at risk - and what kinds of things make a child resilient and offer protection. 

criss-crossing railway lines

The Lucy Faithfull Foundation explains the workings of the grooming process.

Couple with umbrella

The issue of consent has recently been in the news: Cambridge University is considering introducing classes on consent after a high number of students reported experiencing assault, harassment and unwelcome touching.

Your son or daughter hasn't only been having sex - now they or their partner is pregnant. Bekki Burbidge of the FPA looks at your options.

Brook

Laura Hurley of Brook offers some ideas for tackling the topic of abortion with your child - and explains why she thinks you should.

Get clued up on what's legal when it comes to contraception and sex for your teen.

Finding out your teen is already having sex can be a shock. Find out how best to handle the situation and support them. 

Expert advice on how to help you and your child through this difficult and emotional time.

Worried girl

It's estimated that around 290,000 children in the UK suffer from this debilitating condition. Here are some tips to help you help them.

Around 400 children in the UK suffers a stroke every year. Here, Dr Anne Gordon on behalf of the Stroke Association, explains more

 

Terrorism and trauma helping children cope

With graphic images being shown on the front pages of newspapers and on daily news bulletins, even very young children are exposed to upsetting information. 

Self-esteem

If you think your child has low self-esteem, there are many ways you can help.

bullying

The good and bad influence of friends and classmates and what parents can do if peer pressure is having an adverse effect.

vaping

Expert advice on what you can do if you suspect your child may be using them.

Boys on mobile phones

How to help them cope and how to prevent it from happening again.

Would your child rather eat sweets than spaghetti bolognese? Do they assiduously avoid the broccoli on their plate? Would they rather run a five-mile marathon than entertain the idea of eating a courgette? We look into picky eating and how to help your child be more adventurous with food.

victim support

Children and young people can experience significant levels of crime and victimisation. Here's how as a parent or carer you can help your child be safer.

mindfulness in schools

Schools are increasingly turning to mindfulness as a way of helping pupils relax, concentrate, and avoid distractions. But what is it - and will it help?

healthy eating

Helping your child eat well and learn about healthy food is a crucial part of parenting, but sometimes it’s tricky to figure out what (and how much) they should eat. Consultant dietitian Lucy Jones offers her top tips.

New research from the University of Glasgow shows that eating in front of a screen could be bad news for your child's health. 

sleep hygeine

Most UK teens are chronically sleep deprived, leading to poor decision-making, difficulty concentrating and moodiness. Dr Pooky Knightsmith offers parents some help.

A staggering one in three children in the UK is overweight and one in five is obese. Weight can be very difficult to talk about - and raising it in the wrong way can be counter-producitve. Our guide to what obesity is, what it means in the long term and how to deal with it.

Images of women in the media that focus entirely on physical appearance are so common that most of the time most of us don't even notice them. But what effect are they having on girls' assumptions about their future? Lia Latchford and Ikamara Larasi of Msunderstood offer advice on helping girls to understand and resist stereotypes.

Mental health stigma

Natasha Devon, the government’s Mental Health Champion for Schools, offers advice on how to help your child.

Time to change image

1 in 10 children will experience a mental health problem - around three children in every classroom in the UK. A new campaign says it's time to do something to help them.

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